José van Dijck

 

The geopolitics of platforms: lessons for Europe

Friday, November 2nd, 09:00 – 10:30, PALAZZO CONGRESSI Auditorium A

The growing pains of digitization involve intense struggles between competing ideological systems and contesting societal actors—market, government and civil society—raising important questions like: Who is or should be responsible and accountable for anchoring public values in digitized and dataficed societies? There are two large competing platform ecosystems in the digital world: one is based in China, where it operates largely within a walled societal space. The other one is overwhelmingly American-based and has penetrated virtually every sector of American and Western-European societies, disrupting markets and labor relations, circumventing institutions, transforming social and civic practices, and affecting democracies. Online platforms paradoxically bypass the institutional processes through which European democratic societies are organized, while at the same time they clash with local, national and supra-national governments over who controls data-flows and algorithms.

Online architectures are governed by platform mechanisms such as datafication and commodification, mechanisms that are penetrating a large number of private and public sectors. Public sectors such as health and education are particularly vulnerable to the commercial values inscribed in online architectures. Public values and the common good are the very stakes in the struggle over the platformization of societies around the globe. But how can public values be anchored in digital societies—both in terms of technological systems and in governance? This lecture concentrates on the position of European (private and public) interests vis-à-vis the interests of an American-based online ecosystem, driven by a handful of high-tech corporations. At the heart of the online media’s industry’s surge is the battle over information control: who owns the data generated by online social activities? Particularly in the European context, governments can be proactive in negotiating public values on behalf of citizens and consumers.

Keywords:
  • Online participation
  • Digital inequality
  • Skills
  • Participation divide

José van Dijck is a distinguished university professor at the University of Utrecht (The Netherlands) and the president of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (until June 2018). Van Dijck’s academic discipline is media studies and her field of interests ‘digital society.’ She received her PhD from the University of California, San Diego, (USA) in 1992. Her work covers a wide range of topics in media theory, media and communication technologies, social media, and digital culture. She is the author of ten books and (co-)edited volumes and approximately one hundred journal articles and book chapters. Van Dijck’s book The Culture of Connectivity. A Critical History of Social Media (Oxford UP, 2013) was distributed worldwide and was recently translated into Spanish. Her new book, co-authored by Thomas Poell & Martijn de Waal titled The Platform Society. Public values in a connective world will be published 2018 with Oxford University Press.

For more information, see: Utrecht University homepage and Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences homeage